Galati is the county seat of the county with the same name, Moldova, Romania. It is near the southern triple border with the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. According to the latest census in 2011, the city's population was 249,732, being the 8th city in the country as the number of inhabitants. It is one of the largest economic centers in Romania, namely Moldova. The city of Galati has a busy history due to the fact that it is placed on the Danube, the most important European river-river artery, the Danube-Main-Rhine Canal. Economic life has developed around the Shipyard, the River Port, around the Ironworks and Mineral Ports.
Galati is located in the southern part of Moldova, in the Siret Valley, crossed by the Danube. It is situated in the eastern part of Romania, at the southern extremity of the Moldavian plateau at 45 ° 27 'north latitude and 28 ° 02' east longitude. Situated on the northern bank of the Danube, it occupies an area of 246.4 km2 at the confluence of the rivers Siret (west) and Prut (east), near Lake Brateş, around. 80 kilometers from the Black Sea. The nearest town is Braila, just 15 kilometers south. Galaţi is at the meeting of the three historical provinces of Romania: Muntenia, Moldova and Dobrogea. The city and harbor unfold as a vast amphitheater with a level difference of 3 to 55 meters.
The city stretches over three terraces: the city's valley, with an altitude of 3 to 7 m and two others, drawn almost in the form of fans; the first with an altitude of 20-25 m (the core of the medieval city, now the city center) and the second one with altitudes exceeding 40 m (the modern city). The life of the human communities was influenced directly by the Danube, the second river in Europe as a length (2,850 km), with an average flow in this sector of 6,119 mc / s, after receiving the waters of the Siret River upstream an average flow of 225 m / s (the largest tributary on the Romanian territory). The river continued its way to the Black Sea after receiving the Prut River downstream of the ports of Galaţi, with an average flow of 86 mc / s. The flows of the Danube have an important variation, depending on season and year, with maximum values in May (18,000 - 19,000 mc / s) and minimum during summer (2,000 - 2,450 mc / s). Due to the deep channel down to the city of Braila, the Danube is declared maritime.